Formative Assessment

 Formative Assessment 
The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning. More specifically, formative assessments: 
  • help students identify their strengths and weaknesses and target areas that need work
  • help faculty recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately  


According to rubric expert Heidi Goodrich Andrade, "Although the format of an instructional rubric can vary, all rubrics have two features in common: (1) a list of criteria, or 'what counts' in a project or assignment; and (2) gradations of quality, with descriptions of strong, middling and problematic student work." Instructional rubrics: 
  • make instructors' expectations very clear
  • provide students with informative feedback about their strengths and areas needing improvement
  • support thinking and self-assessment about specific learning outcomes  

Instructional Rubric Links: 

The college and university web pages linked below discuss how to create and use instructional rubrics to help guide student learning. Included on many of these pages are examples of rubrics for assignments in a variety of disciplines. 

Assess Student Learning - Hunter College
Authentic Assessment and Rubrics - University of Central Florida
Development and Using Rubrics - Gustavus Adolphus College
Grading and Performance Rubrics - Carnegie Mellon University 
Rubrics - North Central College
Rubrics - Michigan State University
Using Rubrics - Cornell University
When and How to Use Rubrics - Mercy College

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