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Tuesday, August 30, 2016

New Associate Faculty: Join us September 24!

On Saturday, September 24th from 8:00am-12:30pm, the 5-Star Consortium Colleges will be hosting an event for New Associate Faculty!

New Associate Faculty Best Practices in Active Learning and Student Engagement
Saturday, September 24th 8:00am-12:30pm
Edmonds Community College
6600 Gateway Hall 196th St. SW
Lynnwood, WA 98036

You won't want to miss this event!


Also, don't forget to check out our Events page often for more upcoming events!

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Best 1st Day Ever

How do you make your first day of class the best day ever?

Even the most seasoned veteran teachers get butterflies on the first day of class! Make sure you have a clear plan for Day 1 - that will help settle those first day jitters, and will let students know that your classroom is a place where they should come ready to learn. Give students an opportunity to ask questions, and try to answer any unspoken questions, such as "Why should I take this course?" "What will be the most challenging part of this course?" and "What will be the most interesting part of this course?"

You might also consider asking students to submit questions to your Canvas course during Week 0, the week before classes start (after you have sent your welcome message).
Our advice? Be ready, and hit the ground running!

Make the Most of the First Day of Class
(Loosely based on Lyons et al. 2003)
The first day of class always creates some nervousness, even for seasoned instructors. It helps to have a mental checklist of objectives to accomplish so that you and your students come away with the impression that the course is off to a good start.
The first class meeting should serve at least two basic purposes:
  • To clarify all reasonable questions students might have relative to the course objectives, as well as your expectations for their performance in class. As students leave the first meeting, they should believe in your competence to teach the course, be able to predict the nature of your instruction, and know what you will require of them.
  • To give you an understanding of who is taking your course and what their expectations are.

These two basic purposes expand into a set of eight concrete objectives:


1. Orchestrate positive first impressions

First impressions can be long-lasting, and they are usually based on a thin slice of behavior. Before you even start teaching, your students will have already made some decisions about you, so it is important to understand what those impressions are based on and how to manage them.
  • Your attire.
    Research shows that clothing affects several kinds of judgments people make, including but not limited to, credibility, likability, dominance, kindness, and empathy (Raiscot, 1986; Morris et al., 1996). More formal attire communicates expertise and confidence, less formal attire communicates approachability. Usually, it is easier to relax a more formal impression into a more relaxed one than the other way around. These considerations are likely to be particularly relevant for young instructors who are concerned about establishing themselves as authoritative.
  • The physical environment.
    Students can make decisions about what kind of course yours will be by the way the chairs are arranged. Rows signify a more formal environment, while circles or u-shapes imply a more informal atmosphere, with more expectations of student participation. The words on the board also indicate how interesting the course is likely to be. In addition to the course information, consider having a thought-provoking question displayed as they arrive.
  • Your use of the few minutes before class.
    Greeting the students as they enter the classroom communicates approachability. Franticly arriving right on time or even late communicates disorganization, and so on.

2. Introduce yourself effectively

Your introduction should be succinct, but make sure to cover certain key areas. These questions should help you decide what to say:

  • What characteristics do you want to convey about yourself?
    Among other things, you probably want the students to get a sense of your qualifications for teaching the course, how formal/informal you want to be, and how available you will be to the students.
  • What will you need to say to convey those characteristics?
    Consider talking about your research interests as they relate to the course, in order to establish yourself as an authority, and to make to course more relevant. Talk about the best ways to reach you (e.g., phone, email) and your office hour preference (e.g., set hours, open door, make an appointment).
  • What do you think students are trying to figure out about you?
    In addition to the categories above, students are likely trying to determine whether you are a harsh or easy grader, and how flexible you will be with deadlines. You don’t need to cater to their agenda, but you might want to say something about your policies (more on this in the next objective).
  • What should you be careful not to say?
    Students do not need to know everything about you. In particular, it is not helpful to say you’ve never taught the course before, or that it is your least favorite course to teach, or to disclose any irrelevant personal information that can undermine you in the eyes of your students.

3. Clarify learning objectives and your expectations

This is probably the most important objective. Cleary laying out expectations starts to orient students toward the kind of effort, learning, performance and classroom behaviors you expect from them, and it helps them use their time productively. It will also help those students who are shopping around in deciding whether to take your course or not.

  • Describe the prerequisites so that students will know if they are ready to take your course.
  • Highlight main aspects of the syllabus.

If you followed the course design process, you should have an effective structure for the course. Communicate that structure to the students so they will understand the decisions you made for the course and the reasons why you made them. In particular, make sure to highlight the learning objectives, the alignment with the assessments – including the grading criteria – and the instructional strategies, the course policies, and the rationale for the structure and the policies, and the reasons for choosing the textbook or other reading materials.

  • Consider a quiz on the syllabus.
    To reinforce the point that understanding expectations is crucial for success in the course some professors require students to take a quiz on the syllabus and get all answers right before they go on with the course content. Canvas can be used for that purpose.
  • Explain your expectations for student behavior (if they are not included in the syllabus) including expectations for:
    •  punctuality
    • seeking help when needed
    • offering feedback when appropriate
    • preferences for student participation (e.g., raising hands and waiting to be called on vs. jumping in the discussion)
    • Communicate your commitment to the students’ learning experience.
  • Share some advice for success in your course (e.g., attendance, participation, keeping up with the readings) and let them know you are confident in their success as long as they put in the required effort.

4. Help students learn about each other

The classroom is a social environment, so it is helpful to start the social dynamics in a productive way.
  • Icebreakers raise the energy levels and get students comfortable so that they will be ready to focus on the material, especially if you want to foster a collaborative environment where students will have to work in groups or dialogue with each other.
    • Make sure that the icebreaker is appropriate for the course.
    • Icebreakers work even better when they allow students to get to know each other in the context of the course material.
    • Provide a variety of social icebreakers, some of which can be tailored to course content.

5. Set the tone for the course

The way you engage students on the first day sends powerful messages about the level of involvement and interaction you expect from them.

Inexperienced instructors sometimes make the mistake of lecturing at the students for a few weeks, then try to have a discussion when the first big unit of the course is finished, only to be surprised at the lack of student participation. This is because students have already been socialized to just listen in the course.

The following strategies will help you set a productive tone:

  • Whatever you plan to do during the quarter, do it on the first day.
    For instance, if you plan to use discussions, have students start talking on the first day. If you plan to use groups frequently, put students in groups on the first day. If you plan to use extensive writing, have some kind of short reflective writing activity. If you want the students to be in charge of their own learning, start with an activity where they are the experts, and cannot rely on you for information. For instance, in a psychology course on myths about human behavior, the instructor starts with a brainstorming of myths about student behaviors in dorms.
  • Consider a “Homework 0” voluntary-mandatory office hour.
    The assignment is simply to make an appointment with you at a convenient time, find your office and visit you there before the next class or two. This gets students to your office, breaks the ice with a short one-on-one interaction, and makes it much more likely that the students will come back for help when they need it.
  • Establish a culture of feedback.
    Let students know you are interested in how they experience the course and in any suggestions they have. Let them know you will do formal early course evaluations, but that they should feel free to give you constructive feedback, even anonymously. You might not adopt every suggestion they have but you will listen and consider them. This starts to create a partnership in learning.

6. Collect baseline data on students’ knowledge and motivation

This objective stems directly from the second overarching goal for the first day of class.

  • Collect data about baseline knowledge. This can take several forms:
    • Check that students have taken relevant courses in a sequence.
    • Give students an ungraded pretest that assesses knowledge and skills necessary for the course.
    • Also rely on students’ self-reports about how confident they feel about particular knowledge and their ability to apply it.
    • More information on several forms of pre-assessment.
  • Get a sense of students’ motivation in the course. Collect data about:
    • why students are taking your course
    • what they expect to get out of it, and
    • what challenges they anticipate
  • Decide what to do about different/inadequate prior knowledge. Depending on how many students are lacking certain knowledge or skills, you might choose to:
    •  tell them they cannot take the course
    • tell them how they can bridge the gap on their own
    • decide to devote one or two classes to a review of important foundational material
    • defer that to a review session ran by your TA


7. Whet students’ appetites for course content

Some instructors simply hand out the syllabus and dismiss class figuring that the enrollment has not yet stabilized and it does not make sense to cover material. While there is truth to that argument, the first day of class is a great chance to stimulate interest about the course and to activate relevant prior knowledge students have about the material. Here are some suggestions for activities that orient students to the content:

•    Directed reading-thinking activity. Lyons et al. (2003, p. 87) suggest the following exercise:
  1. On your own, list everything you can think of that might be in a book entitled [your textbook, or the name of the course if you don’t have a textbook].
  2. Get with a partner, share your ideas, and then put the ideas you both generated for step 1 into categories.
  3. Give each category a name.
  4. Get with another pair and together combine your ideas. Then arrange the categories as a table of contents for this book and write it on the chart paper each group has been given.
This activity gets students talking to each other, makes them realize they bring relevant knowledge to bear, and it makes them think about a possible overarching structure for that knowledge. If that structure is appropriate, you can capitalize on that, otherwise this exercise will expose some of the misconceptions students possess, giving you a chance to correct them. The activity typically takes about half an hour.

  • Collect data from the students about issues related to course content.
    This exercise gives you knowledge about the students and is relevant in social science courses that involve research. A statistics instructor always collects data on the first day and uses the survey and the students’ responses to illustrate points about survey sampling.
  • Have students generate hypothesis about a typical problem in your course.
    This exercise can be used to foreshadow different positions and camps in your discipline. When appropriate, you can push the students to think about how they would test their hypotheses, getting deeper into methods of inquiry appropriate for the discipline.
  • Connect course content to current events.
    Bring in newspaper or magazine clips that relate to your course. Whenever you can connect your field to current events, or pop culture, or student interests, you demonstrate relevance, which increases student motivation.
  • Common sense inventory.
    Nilson (2003) describes a “Common Sense Inventory” where students need to determine whether 15 statements related to the course content are true or false (e.g., in a social psychology course, “Suicide is more likely among women than men,” or “Over half of all marriages occur between persons who live within 20 blocks of each other”). After paired or small group discussions, you can reveal the right answer. This works particularly well in courses where students bring in a lot of misconceptions (e.g., Introductory Physics).

8. Inform students of logistics

Students are also looking for answers to questions such as:

  • “Will I be able to get in this course that I really need?”
  • “I have a conflict, is it possible to switch sections?”
You might want to provide information about the following categories:
  • caps on enrollment and waitlists
  • drop-add dates
  • rules about course sections
  • safety procedures
  • other relevant administrative or logistic procedures
While this may seem like a lot of information to consider for one class, remember that the first day of class sets the tone for the entire course. Time upfront will pay off in the long run.

References
Lyons, R., McIntosh, M., & Kysilka, M. (2003). Teaching college in an age of accountability. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Provitera McGlynn, A. (2001.) Successful beginnings for college teaching: Engaging students from the first day. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.

Morris, T., Gorham, J., Cohen, S., & Huffman, D. (1996). "Fashion in the classroom: Effects of attire on student perceptions of instructors in college classes." Communication Education, 45, 135-148.

Nilson, L. (2003). Teaching at its best: A research-based resource for college instructors (2nd ed.). Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing.

Raiscot, J. (1986). Silent sales. Minneapolis, MN: AB Publications.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Rubrics

What are Rubrics?

A rubric is a scoring tool that explicitly represents the performance expectations for an assignment or piece of work. A rubric divides the assigned work into component parts and provides clear descriptions of the characteristics of the work associated with each component, at varying levels of mastery. Rubrics can be used for a wide array of assignments: papers, projects, oral presentations, artistic performances, group projects, etc. Rubrics can be used as scoring or grading guides, to provide formative feedback to support and guide ongoing learning efforts, or both.

Have you used a rubric for an assignment in the past? Many faculty have said that rubrics are not only a real time saver, but they provide guidance on grading fairly. If you have a stack of 30 exams or papers to grade, it can be very tiring! Your eyes might begin to blur after about 20 - and grading fairly AND consistently is important in your classes! Rubrics are very easy to set up in Canvas, too. You can always ask your Instructional Designer to help you get started. And, in Canvas, once you create a rubric template you will be able to re-use it! Here's an example of a rubric.

A Google search will provide many, many examples of rubrics.  Here's a good way to start: choose one assignment to start and think about how you have graded it in the past.  Can you remember what an A+ paper looks like? How about a B? And so on. Then look at a sample rubric in your discipline. Remember, you can always ask a department colleague if they would share an example! Think about what kind of writing, computation, or behavior you want to see in this assignment. Also think about what an acceptable answer is, and then assign some points to each of those levels. A description explaining how a student earns those points will help students understand their grade. It's important to give students the rubric along with the assignment so they know what the expectations are.

And when students have the rubric with clearly outlined expectations you will get fewer questions like, "Why did I only get a C on this assignment?" For that reason alone, rubrics are a good idea!

Remember to check in with a mentor or your faculty development person or the Instructional Designer on your campus for ore information about creating and using a rubric!

From: https://www.cmu.edu/teaching/designteach/teach/rubrics.html

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Summer Reading 2016: Week 2

Summer Reading Week 2

Join us as we continue reading this summer! Check the Summer Reading page for a recap.

Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance by Angela Duckworth
 


In her late twenties, Angela left a demanding job as a management consultant to teach math to seventh graders in the New York City public schools. Several years in the classroom taught her that effort was tremendously important to success. To begin to solve the mystery of why some people work so much harder and longer than others, Angela entered the PhD program in psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she is now a professor. She is also a 2013 MacArthur fellow and founder and scientific director of the Character Lab.

Amazon’s description: In this instant New York Times bestseller, pioneering psychologist Angela Duckworth shows anyone striving to succeed—be it parents, students, educators, athletes, or business people—that the secret to outstanding achievement is not talent but a special blend of passion and persistence she calls “grit.”

Drawing on her own powerful story as the daughter of a scientist who frequently noted her lack of “genius,” Duckworth, now a celebrated researcher and professor, describes her early eye-opening stints in teaching, business consulting, and neuroscience, which led to the hypothesis that what really drives success is not “genius” but a unique combination of passion and long-term perseverance.

In Grit, she takes readers into the field to visit cadets struggling through their first days at West Point, teachers working in some of the toughest schools, and young finalists in the National Spelling Bee. She also mines fascinating insights from history and shows what can be gleaned from modern experiments in peak performance. Finally, she shares what she’s learned from interviewing dozens of high achievers—from JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon to New Yorker cartoon editor Bob Mankoff to Seattle Seahawks Coach Pete Carroll.

Among Grit’s most valuable insights:

  • Why any effort you make ultimately counts twice toward your goal   
  • How grit can be learned, regardless of I.Q. or circumstances
  • How lifelong interest is triggered
  • The magic of the Hard Thing Rule
  • How much of optimal practice is suffering and how much ecstasy
  • Which is better for your child—a warm embrace or high standards

Winningly personal, insightful, and even life-changing, Grit is a book about what goes through your head when you fall down, and how that—not talent or luck—makes all the difference.

"Angela Duckworth [is] the psychologist who has made 'grit' the reigning buzzword in education-policy circles...Duckworth's ideas about the cultivation of tenacity have clearly changed some lives for the better...In this book, Duckworth, whose TED talk has been viewed more than eight million times, brings her lessons to the reading public."
—Judith Shulevitz, The New York Times Book Review

"It really isn't talent but practice—along with passion—that makes perfect, explains psychologist Duckworth in this illuminating book. Inspiration for non-geniuses everywhere."
—People

“Psychologists have spent decades searching for the secret of success, but Angela Duckworth is the one who found it. In this smart and lively book, she not only tells us what it is, but also how to get it.”
Daniel Gilbert, author of Stumbling on Happiness

Want to learn more? http://angeladuckworth.com/
I first became aware of the work by Angela Duckworth in the summer of 2015. I was hosting a campus book club and we were reading the book Growth Mindset by Carol Dweck. The material inspired one of the faculty to do some more research into the topic and her research led her to Angela Duckworth’s work. At the time we had mostly online resources to read and look at, and we spent quite a lot of time reviewing her work and watching her TED talk. I should note that Duckworth does NOT claim that grit is the only key to success (as some may believe). There are many factors that go into being successful (whether as a student, a West Point cadet during Beast Week, or Seahawks coach Pete Carroll). We were so excited about the book that several of us got on the wait list for Grit!

Book club questions:
1. Take the Grit quiz – find out how gritty you are! http://angeladuckworth.com/grit-scale/
2. Watch this short video on the Money website: http://time.com/money/4380504/grit-in-workplace/. Which of the 4 things to be grittier are you willing to work on?
3.   Read this article from Forbes online: The secret ingredient of successful people and organizations-grit. What is the “Hard Thing Rule” that Duckworth developed for her family, and do you buy into that? Can you see yourself practicing this with your family/students/yourself?
4.   Here’s a great Op-Ed article from the New Your Times  by David Brooks: putting grit in its place. Do you agree with Brooks when he says, “In life we want independent thinking and risk-taking, but the G.P.A. system encourages students to be deferential and risk averse, giving their teachers what they want”? How do you feel about de-emphasizing the GPA?
5.  And here’s one of my favorite articles from the New York Times: Secret to Success - Failure. What do you think of the idea of a “character report card”?

Other related books (from Amazon)
Grit: How to Keep Going When You Want to Give Up by Martin Meadows  
How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity, and the Hidden Power of Character by Paul Tough
Grit, Discipline, Perseverance: The Emotional Habits That Drive Success by Steve Williams (Author)
Grit to Great: How Perseverance, Passion, and Pluck Take You from Ordinary to Extraordinary by Linda Kaplan Thaler

Monday, August 1, 2016

5 Things To Do NOW to Prepare for Fall Quarter

img credit: Daino_16 http://www.freeimages.com/photo/pencils-1240400
As the Summer Quarter begins to wind down, it's time to start thinking about Fall Quarter! Surely, this doesn't mean you shouldn't continue to enjoy the gorgeous weather, vacations, tending your gardens, reading and relaxing, but now is a great time to start planning ahead for September!

Here are 5 things you can (and should) do to prepare now for Fall Quarter:


1) Find out when your first Department meeting is! Plan to attend, and maybe even bring some treats to share! (Food is always a great ice breaker.) It's important that you connect with your colleagues in your Department and Division. They can help guide you through your first quarter, and give you hints about how to be successful!

2) Do you have your syllabi ready? If you are using a syllabus that someone else in the department shared with you, make sure you review carefully for things like grading policies and scale, office hours, and schedule for exams. It's okay to make changes, even small ones, so that you feel comfortable with this "contract" with students (btw, this is not a legal contract!)

img credit:shho http://www.freeimages.com/photo/study-table-14128223) Do you have all the materials you need for the first day and the first week of class? Textbook? White board markers? Other materials? Don't wait until the first day - running around campus trying to find things that day can be exhausting!

4) Do you have a plan for the first 5 minutes of class on Day 1? James Lang, author of "Small Teaching: Everyday Lessons from the Science of Learning," recommends these 4 things to do to begin a class:
  • Open with a question; maybe have 4 or 5 questions on the board or overhead to get students to start thinking 
  • Get students to think about their prior learning by asking "What did we learn last time (in previous class)?"
  • Reactivate what they learned in previous classes
  • Write it down; research shows that students benefit from having a few minutes to write down (and reflect on) their responses.
5) Plan to attend the New Associate Faculty Orientation on September 24th! 

Questions? Email fivestarcolleges@gmail.com!